The BPS-2 oil pipeline originates from the Druzhba pipeline junction, the longest oil pipeline in the world, at Unecha, near the Russian border with Belarus. It terminates at the merchant seaport of Ust-Luga located on the Gulf of Finland, Leningrad region.The linear length of the pipeline from Unecha to Ust-Luga is about 621 miles (999.5km) and the length of the lateral line that leads to Kirishi oil refinery in Leningrad Oblast is about 106 miles (170.5).
The pipeline passes through the Russian provinces of Bryansk, Smolensk, Tver, Novgorod and Leningrad.The Ust-Luga terminal was selected as the termination point of the pipeline for several reasons. The Gulf of Finland, the easternmost realm of the Baltic Sea, is characterised by a short ice-over period and can be easily accessed by other major ports situated in Northern Europe.
Another advantage is that the Ust – Luga port offers congestion-free transportation unlike the congested St. Petersburg Port. The port is also being developed with modern and new infrastructure. Further, there is a plan to build highways and railway lines to beef up transportation infrastructure between the port and important commercial centers located in north western part of the country.